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Pays de conservation:
Pays de conservation
Suisse
Lieu:
Lieu
Zürich
Bibliothèque / Collection:
Bibliothèque / Collection
Braginsky Collection
Cote:
Cote
B45
Titre du manuscrit:
Titre du manuscrit
Salomo ha-Adani, Melekhet Shelomo (« commentaires de la Mishna de Salomo »)
Caractéristiques:
Caractéristiques
Papier · 280 ff. · 21.5 x 15.5 cm · Hebron, Salomo ha-Adani · avant 1611
Langue:
Langue
Hébreu
Résumé du manuscrit:
Résumé du manuscrit
Salomo bar Joshua ha-Adani (1567-1625) était un érudit juif, qui s’est surtout concentré sur l’étude la Mishna (la première grande rédaction de la Torah orale). Il y aurait consacré trois décennies de sa vie. Il transcrivit ses pensées et ses remarques à côté et autour du texte principal d’une Mishna complète imprimée. Les annotations étaient si denses que lui-même éprouvait des difficultés à les déchiffrer. C’est pour cette raison qu’un mécène lui permit de rassembler ses commentaires afin de composer une œuvre claire et lisible. Le résultat en est son commentaire de la Mishna. Des six ordres de la Mishna, nous avons ici le commentaire du premier, le Sera’im (« semences »), consacré aux bénédictions, prières et lois agricoles. Un commentaire semblable (MS Rab 33) pour le Tohorot (« puretés »), le sixième ordre de la Mishna est conservé à New York, à la Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary. Il est daté de 1611, mais il est aussi possible que ce manuscrit fut écrit un peu avant cette date. (red)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
DOI (Digital Object Identifier
10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0045 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0045)
Lien permanent:
Lien permanent
http://www.e-codices.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0045
IIIF Manifest URL:
IIIF Manifest URL
IIIF Drag-n-drop http://www.e-codices.ch/metadata/iiif/bc-b-0045/manifest.json
Comment citer:
Comment citer
Zürich, Braginsky Collection, B45: Salomo ha-Adani, Melekhet Shelomo (« commentaires de la Mishna de Salomo ») (http://www.e-codices.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0045).
En ligne depuis:
En ligne depuis
19.03.2015
Ressources externes:
Ressources externes
Droits:
Droits
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e-codices · 28.01.2015, 10:04:43

The Mishnah, after the Bible, is the most fundamental pillar of Jewish tradition. It represents the Oral Torah in its primary formulation. It was the subject of many commentaries, few of which surpass in depth and breadth the work of Solomon Adeni.
Adeni (b. 1567) was four years old when he was taken by his parents from his native Yemen to the Land of Israel. He lived in Safed, Jerusalem, and ultimately settled in Hebron. Adeni studied with the Talmudist Rabbi Bezalel Ashkenazi and the mystic Rabbi Hayyim Vital. Adeni suffered many personal tragedies, living in abject poverty and earning only a meager living teaching small children.
Adeni labored on this Mishnah commentary for thirty years. He wrote it originally in the margins of the printed Mishnah edition he owned. The comments were so crowded that, after a while, the author had difficulty deciphering his own handwriting. A patron presented him with reams of paper to enable him to transcribe his notes into a coherent work. The manuscript on display here is one section of this book, which covers the first order of the Mishnah, Zera'im, which deals with blessings, prayers, and agriculture-related laws. Corrections, additions, and erasures by the author are clearly visible in the manuscript. Another part of the book, on the sixth order of the Mishnah, Tohorot, is dated 1611 (New York, The Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary, MS Rab 33).
Rabbi Solomon Adeni’s contributions to the study of the Mishnah are manifold. He endeavored to establish the correct text and vocalization of the Mishnah and preserved traditions concerning the text that otherwise would have been lost. He apparently had access to libraries of manuscripts of medieval rabbinic works in the Talmudic academies of Jerusalem, Safed, and Hebron, and incorporated excerpts from them into his commentary. Furthermore, he included exhaustive discussions of his own on many passages.
Far from European centers of Jewish learning, Adeni was able to create a work of lasting importance. Although not published until the end of the nineteenth century, the Melekhet Shelomo is found today in many standard editions of the Mishnah and is being studied diligently by new generations of students.

From: A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, S. 92.

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From: A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 92-93.

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