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Pays de conservation:
Pays de conservation
Suisse
Lieu:
Lieu
Zürich
Bibliothèque / Collection:
Bibliothèque / Collection
Braginsky Collection
Cote:
Cote
B112
Titre du manuscrit:
Titre du manuscrit
Bezalel Ranschburg, Pithei Niddah (« Porte de l’impureté »)
Caractéristiques:
Caractéristiques
Papier · 339 ff. · 29.4 x 23 cm · Prague · 1806
Langue:
Langue
Hébreu
Résumé du manuscrit:
Résumé du manuscrit
Le manuscrit contient le commentaire de Bezalel Ranschburg (1762-1820) – un important rabbin de la communauté juive de Prague – sur deux traités difficiles du Talmud: Horayot et Niddah; quelques passages de ses commentaires ont été imprimés dans les pages de l’édition officielle du Talmud, en tant que gloses marginales. Il est aussi l’auteur de Responsa (« Réponses rabbiniques ») et d’autres commentaires aujourd’hui perdus. Le manuscrit contient l’imprimatur du censeur de Prague Carolus Fischer (1755-1844), nécessaire dans l’empire austro-hongrois, au XVIIIème et au début du XIXème siècle, pour pouvoir imprimer des livres en hébreu. Malgré l’imprimatur de Fischer, un chrétien, qui connaissait et défendait la langue et la littérature hébraïques contre les détracteurs chrétiens, ce texte ne sera publié pour la première fois qu’en 1957. (red)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
DOI (Digital Object Identifier
10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0112 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0112)
Lien permanent:
Lien permanent
http://www.e-codices.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0112
IIIF Manifest URL:
IIIF Manifest URL
IIIF Drag-n-drop http://www.e-codices.ch/metadata/iiif/bc-b-0112/manifest.json
Comment citer:
Comment citer
Zürich, Braginsky Collection, B112: Bezalel Ranschburg, Pithei Niddah (« Porte de l’impureté ») (http://www.e-codices.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0112).
En ligne depuis:
En ligne depuis
19.03.2015
Ressources externes:
Ressources externes
Droits:
Droits
Images:
(Concernant tous les autres droits, voir chaque description de manuscrits et nos conditions d′utilisation)
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e-codices · 28.01.2015, 10:11:37

Although Rabbi Bezalel Ranschburg (1762–1820) never served officially in a rabbinic position, he was still highly regarded as one of the leading rabbinic scholars of his age in Prague and beyond. Prague, a center of Jewish learning, was also the home of the famous Rabbi Ezekiel Landau, an older contemporary and friend of Ranschburg. The rabbinic learning of Ranschburg is manifest in his commentaries on two difficult Talmud tractates, Horayot and Niddah, the manuscript displayed here. In his introductions to these works, Ranschburg wrote that he chose them because of their difficulty and because they were not among the regular staples of the yeshivas. His glosses were printed on the pages of the standard Talmud editions; he was also the author of responsa and other commentaries, now lost. In addition, Ranschburg possessed a remarkable library of Hebrew books.
In order to be printed in the Kingdom of Austria in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Hebrew books required the permission of the royal censor. The censor in Prague in Ranschburg’s time was Carolus Fischer (1755–1844), whose name appears on many books printed there. Fischer, of Christian birth, was extremely well-versed in Hebrew language and literature. He was an enlightened person who defended Talmudic and rabbinic writings against their Christian detractors. An extensive Hebrew correspondence, consisting of about fifty letters between him and Ranschburg, is extant. In the censorial approval of Ranschburg’s commentary to Horayot, Horah Gever (Prague, 1802), Fischer described Ranschburg as a rabbi well known to him and famous for his learning. Fischer’s signed approval in Latin (1815) appears in the present manuscript. For reasons unknown, however, this work was not printed at that time. It was first published from this manuscript in 1957.

From: A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 144.

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A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 144-145.

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